Constitution |ˌkänstəˈt(y)oō sh ən| noun: A body of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is acknowledged to be governed. A written record of this: charter, social code, law; bill of rights; rules, regulations. The forming or establishing of something: composition, makeup, structure, construction, arrangement, configuration, formation, anatomy. ORIGIN Middle English (denoting a law, or a body of laws or customs): from Latin constitutio(n-), from constituere ‘establish, appoint’ (constitute).
Charter |ˈ ch ärtər| noun: A written grant by a country's legislative or sovereign power, by which an institution such as a company, college, or city is created and its rights and privileges defined. A written constitution or description of an organization's functions. Grant a charter to (a city, college, or other institution). ORIGIN Middle English : from Old French chartre, from Latin chartula, diminutive of charta ‘paper’ (card).
The Constitution was written to govern the government, not the people or the States - with each of the States assumed to be a "jealous guardian" or it's own sovereignty. The Founders created a central government with strictly LIMITED powers which left the States free to compete with one another to be the "best" state in their offering the least amount of taxation and control over their people.
The Constitution of the United States of America is the supreme law of the United States. It provides the framework for the organization of the United States Government (Executive, Legislative, and Judicial Branches). The basic written set of principles and precedents of federal government in the U.S., which came into operation in 1789.
In an effort to persuade Americans to adopt the new system of government, essays written by James Madison, Alexander Hamilton, and John Jay were collected into a body known as the Federalist Papers.
The United States Constitution was adopted by the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on September 17, 1787, and was later ratified by conventions in each U.S. state in the name of "We The People". The U.S. Constitution has since been amended 27 times, the first 10 Amendments to the U.S. Constitution are known as the United States Bill of Rights.
Although, the first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as the Bill of Rights, they should actaully be known as the "Bill of Limitations on Government," because the Bill of Rights never gave citizens any rights (which citizens already possessed) but rather limited the federal government's power in order to safeguard the God-given rights of the citizens.
Our Founders insisted that Congress shall make no law about speech, religion, the press, the right to assembly, the right to petition, and the right to bear arms - all of which are directed at the government rather than the individuals and the States. The amendments of the Bill of Rights all start with the phrase "Congress shall NOT _____", except for the 10th Amendment which says in effect "if we forgot anything, Congress may NOT do that either".